Thursday, April 18, 2024

Drg Drsya Viveka 9 Trans/Notes


Between the mutually related reflection of consciousness and ego, annihilation is not possible. But through the exhaustion of karma and realization, the other two respectively disappear.


Sambandhinossator-nāsti nivṛttis-sahajasya tu, karmakṣayāt prabodhāt ca nivartete kramādubhe.

संबन्धिनोस्सतो – between the mutually related which are taken to be real; नास्ति – is not possible; निवृत्ति – annihilation; सहजस्य – of the natural (identification); तु – but; कर्म-क्षयात् – with the exhaustion of karma; प्रबोधात् – with direct Knowledge; च – and; निवर्तेते – are eliminated; क्रमात् – respectively; उभे – the other two

The natural (identification) between the mutually related (ego and reflection of Consciousness) cannot be annihilated. But the other two (due to karmas and due to delusion) are eliminated with the exhaustion of karma and with direct Knowledge respectively.


सम्बन्धिनो: of the mutually related (ego and the reflection of Consciousness) सतो: of those that are taken to be real सहजस्य natural (तादात्म्यस्य of the identification) तु certainly निवृत्ति: annihilation नास्ति is not possible उभे the other two कर्मक्षयात् with the wearing away of the (results of) karma प्रबोधात् च and enlightenment क्रमात् respectively निवर्तेते disappear.

The mutual identification of the ego and the reflection of Consciousness, which (1) is natural, does (2) not cease as long as they are taken to be real. The other (3) two identifications disappear after the wearing (4) out of the result of karma and the attainment (5) of the knowledge of the highest Reality respectively.



When we understand that the various identifications of the ego are the cause of bondage, we are anxious to end them. The verse, however, says that the natural identification between the ego and the reflection of Consciousness which gives rise to the knowership notion, cannot be annihilated. Then is not all previous discussions and talks of Liberation in vain? Here, it should be understood that the natural identification goes naturally. No effort can be put forth, nor is there a need to exert in order to end it. When the Self is realised, this identification drops automatically.

One may wonder that since all karmas end on Realisation, man would die the instant he realises the Self. This is most undesirable. If such were the case, there would be no living Master to teach! However, Realisation only negates the ego and its identification with the body. Man is thereafter not bound by the body. The body may remain or drop away, just like the pilgrim is not bound by the dog on the wayside. It may follow or not follow. This is called Jīvanmukti – Liberation while living. Hence with Self-realisation, all the three kinds of identification of the ego end simultaneously.


Attainment, etc. The identification of the ego with the witnessing Consciousness (साक्षी चैतन्य) is due to error (भ्रान्ति) which is de- stroyed only by the attainment of Knowledge. Knowledge (ज्ञान) destroys ignorance (अज्ञान) and its effects. Ahankara or the ego is the effect of ignorance. Therefore it is also de- stroyed by Knowledge. Hence ahańkāra can no longer identify itself with the Witness after enlightenment, when it disappears in Brah- man.

The three kinds of identifications described above disappear simultaneously when the jīva realizes itself as Brahman.


There is difference and non-difference. Sākṣī is mistaken to be ahaṅkāra. Ahaṅkāra is sākṣī and that is okay. But sākṣī is ahaṅkāra, sākṣī is antaḥkaraṇa, sākṣī is a sense organ is not okay.


Consciousness, Pure Consciousness, and Mind

Identifying with consciousness is natural

but identifying with pure consciousness is delusional.

Identifying with consciousness is the best the mind can do

but identifying with pure consciousness is the worst.

I am, says the former.

I am something else, says the latter.


Translators / Commentators Legend

A: Aumdada

D: Dayananda

N: Nikhilananda

P: Paramarthananda

S: Sandeepany

T: Tejomayananda

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