Thursday, April 25, 2024

Drg Drsya Viveka 14 Trans/Notes

DDV 14

Creation is the name of that form of Brahman in the reality of Existence Consciousness Bliss, as in the ocean there are waves which are like the manifestation of all names and forms.


Sṛṣṭir-nāma brahmarūpe saccidānanda-vastuni, abdhau phenādivat sarva-nāmarūpa-prasāraṇā.

सृष्टिः – creation; नाम – is called; ब्रह्मरूपे – of the nature of Reality; सत्-चित्-आनन्द-वस्तुनि – in the entity which is Existence-Consciousness-Bliss; अब्धौ – in the ocean; फेन-आदिवत् – like foam etc.; सर्व-नाम-रूप-प्रसारणा – the manifestation of all names and forms

Creation is the manifestation of names and forms in the Reality which is Existence-Consciousness-Bliss, like foam etc. in the ocean.


ब्रह्मरूपे of the nature of Brahman सच्चिदानन्दवस्तुनि in the entity which is Existence- Consciousness-Bliss अब्धौ in the ocean फेनादिवत् like foam, etc. सर्वनामरूपप्रसारणा the manifesting of all names and forms सृष्टि: creation नाम is called.

The manifesting (1) of all names (2) and forms (3) in the entity (4) which is Existence (5)-Consciousness-Bliss and which is the same as Brahman, like (6) the foam, etc., in the ocean, is known as creation. (7)



In perceiving gold ornaments, the gold thought remains unchanging, even though the forms change. Hence, though forms are unreal, their substratum, gold, is real. In perceiving this world, we say ‘the mountain is’, or ‘the river is’. Each perception has the ‘object thought’ and the ‘is thought’. The ‘object thought’ changes but the ‘is thought’ remains constant. The objects are unreal and the ‘is thought’ is real. ‘But without the principle of Existence, can the ‘is thought’ exist?’ Ramana Maharshi says, ‘Can there be thoughts of the existence of objects without the Existence principle?’


Reality is not a void or negation as the Buddhists contend. The appearance of the manifold cannot be based on an Absolute negation. In empirical experience, every appearance has a positive substratum. The illusion of names and forms appears from, and disappears in, Brahman.

Creation – Vedānta explains the origin of the universe by saying that it is the unfolding of Brahman through Its inscrutable power, called māyā. As the rope appears as a snake or as the ocean appears in the form of foam, waves, etc., or as the sleeping man appears to be living in a dream world, so also Brahman appears in the form of the world. From the causal standpoint, Brahman is both the mate- rial and efficient cause of the world.


The creation Is nothing but the manifesting of nāma-rūpa and not a production of even an ounce of matter. Nobody including God can create matter. ‘Matter cannot be created or destroyed’ is a universal law that even God cannot violate. Then, how did God create? God did not create! Nothing is created. Even the nāma-rūpa existed in potential form. Only the manifestation of nāma-rūpa is done by the vikṣepa-śakti. It Is like the bubbles, waves and froth in the oceanic water. These are not substances but only forms. The wind causes the manifestation of these forms in the ocean. If the creation is only nāma-rūpa, that nāma-rūpa requires a substance on which it is present. That substance is Brahman. The creation nāma-rūpa is resting on only one substance, which is called Brahman. What is the nature of Brahman? Brahman is independently existing and the nāma-rūpa is dependently existing.


Translators / Commentators Legend

A: Aumdada

D: Dayananda

N: Nikhilananda

P: Paramarthananda

S: Sandeepany

T: Tejomayananda

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