Tuesday, May 21, 2024

Maya, Maya, Maya

1. Maya, Maya, Maya

Saguna Brahman is Brahman with qualities: rajas, tamas, sattva. Doing is rajas; not doing is tamas. Such is the ignorance of avidya. Nondoing is sattva. This is the intelligence of Maya.

The intelligent design of the universe is Maya. And Maya is the magician called God. And Maya is the illusion called Creation. And Maya is the revelation called Nonduality.

Everything is Maya; nothing is Maya. Maya is something else! Beyond Maya, the Advaita of Maya is pointing to two truths: Reality and Self. And the true Self is pure Reality.

2. I am, I am, I am

Maya is not a hindrance to self-realization. Maya is the field of self-realization.

Reality needs no realization. Individual consciousness as avidya does.

Maya is the subtle body and Maya is the reflection of Satcitananda in the subtle body.

The first words of Maya were 'I am'. They still are. Listen and know who really is.

3. reflecting on reflections

Maya is not belief. Avidya is belief. Maya is reflection.

Reflecting on that reflection is Maya's way of seeing through this Maya.

Satcitananda is a silent I. The reflection of Satcitananda says I am, I know, I love.

4. I

Drop ignorance.

Not this, not this.

I am not me.

I am.


a. I Overture and Postmodern Sonnet

The intelligent design of the universe is Maya.

And Maya is the magician called God.

And Maya is the illusion called Creation.

And Maya is the revelation called Nonduality.

The first words of Maya were 'I am’.

They still are.

Listen and know who really is.

Satcitananda is a silent I.

The reflection of Satcitananda says I am, I know, I love.

Dropping Ignorance is the Zen of Neti Neti.

Not this, not this.

I am not me.

I am.


Drg Drsya Viveka 23 Trans/Notes


With thought and without thought: meditation is of these two kinds in the heart. With the seen and with words: meditation with thought is again of two kinds.

Savikalpo nirvikalpaḥ samādhir-dvividho hrdi,

Dṛśya-śabdānuviddhena savikalpaḥ punar- dvidhā.

Without सविकल्पः with duality; निर्विकल्पः duality; समाधिः – (the practice) of meditation; द्विविधः – is of two kinds; हृदि – within; दृश्य-शब्द- अनुविद्धेन – associated with the seen and with words; सविकल्पः – (meditation) with duality; पुनः – is again; द्विधा – of two kinds

The practice of meditation within is of two kinds: with duality and without duality. Meditation with duality is again of two kinds, that which is associated with the seen and with words.


सविकल्प: in which ideas are present निविर्कल्पः in which ideas do not exist हृदि (to be practised) within the heart समाधिः concentration (इति) द्विविधः of two kinds सविकल्पः (समाधिः) concen- tration in which ideas are present दृश्यशब्दानुवेधेन according to its association with a cognizable object or with a sound (as an object) पुनः again द्विधा (are) two kinds.

Two kinds of samādhi to be practised in the heart (within one’s self) are known as savikalpa (1) and nirvikalpa. (2) Savikalpa samādhi is again divided into two classes, ac- cording to its association with a cognizable ob- ject or a sound (as an object).


With duality and without duality – thus

the practice of meditation WITHIN is of two kinds.

Associated with the seen and with words – thus

The practice with duality is again of two kinds.



Vikalpa here means duality that which remains with duality is savikalpa. The practice of meditation maintaining the duality of the meditator and the meditated upon is called savikalpa samādhi.

In savikalpa samādhi, the meditator is the empirical jīva the limited individual and the object of meditation is the attributeless Self. This duality of the meditator and the meditated upon exists in the practice stage. Once this duality disappears, the infinite Self alone remains. This is called nirvikalpa samādhi.

Strange is this practice! The meditator is a non-existing, superimposed entity. The object of meditation is the very ‘subject’ which illumines all objects, and the practice of meditation is a suicidal act on the part of the meditator! Would it not be strange if we were to meditate each morning ‘I am a man’ or ‘I am a woman?’ It is even more strange that I have to meditate that ‘I am the Self’, because there never was a time when I was not the infinite Self. Meditation has to be practised only because we have somehow come to believe ourselves to be contrary to what we are.


[1] Savikalpa In this samādhi, the practi- tioner concentrates his mind on Brahman without completely losing such distinc- tions as the knower, knowledge, and the known. This is the initial step in the prac- tice of concentration.

[2] Nirvikalpa-In this samādhi the practi- tioner makes himself free from all thought of distinctions, as the knower, knowledge, and the known.


Samādhi is divided into savikalpa and nirvikalpa. Savikalpa-samādhi itself can be divided into two, one associated with an object, and the other associated with the Vedāntic words, such as sākṣī, satyaṃ, nityam, adhiṣṭhānam, etc., which have been thoroughly studied and become personally meaningful during śravaṇaṃ and mananam.


Translators / Commentators Legend

A: Aumdada

D: Dayananda

N: Nikhilananda

P: Paramarthananda

S: Sandeepany

T: Tejomayananda

Saturday, May 18, 2024

From Point to Point of View

1. nonsense and nonduality

Materialism is the metaparadigm of Big Science and its true believers. Things begin with a big bang but Beyond the Big Bang is given no consideration at all.

It's practically impossible to actually know the truth while clinging to this nonsense. Nonduality in general and Advaita in particular provide a different point of view, not to be blindly believed like the Big Bang Theory, but confirmed by listening, reflecting, and envisioning.

It's like hiking into the wilderness with a map. One doesn’t literally tread upon its words and lines, but follows it carefully instead, confirming it’s accuracy with the real lay of the land from point to point of view.

2. the map

In Advaita, the Big Bang is basically Maya, although a place for a universal god of consciousness is reserved in recognition of another wrongful metaparadigm: in opposition to the religion of Big Science is the religion of Big God.

There isn't much to say about the Great Beyond except it's beginningless, changeless, and thus eternal. Anything in opposition to these facts is not real. Anything which is born, changes, and dies is but an appearance in that Beyond, that Reality, that Absolute, that Parabrahman.

In other words, there is nothing but Brahman. My true self, Atman, is Brahman, the nature of which is unadulterated existence, consciousness, and bliss, their primordial reflections being I am, I know, I love.

3. to scale or not to scale

All maps are made to a certain scale. This map is made small enough to include the beginningless and large enough to catch its reflection.

It allows for the return to our primordial reflection in some way. Resting in the I Am (The Navnath Way) is like a nondual existential halfway house.

Also resting in Maya without the ignorance of what Maya is and is not are the Way of Knowledge and the Way of Love.

Further it establishes the foundational logic of the godhead being unborn, immutable, and all there really is. And thus my real self obviously.

Ayam Atma Brahma.

a. here and now

There is no memory. All experience is happening now.

There is no other. All is happening to everyone here and now.

Memory is like digging for oil and finding fire.

Otherness is like if loving you is wrong I don't want to be right.

b. dreaming

Am I one dreaming a butterfly or am I a butterfly dreaming one?

The glass is neither half-full nor half-empty. There is no glass.

There's only the emptiness of thought and the all of parabrahman.

Between emptiness and holistic bliss infinity is dreaming.

c. samadhi

It's not about who's dreaming who. It's dreaming either way.

If it isn't nirvikalpa, it's savikalpa. Enjoy the samadhi either way.

Thursday, May 16, 2024

On Witness Consciousness

According to Vidyaranya, there are three seers: the eyes, the mind, and witness consciousness. Science has confirmed the first two but remains ignorant about the third.

The eyes register reflections of light and a spectrum of color. The mind creates their names and forms, analyzes them, and passes judgment like the ignorant creator that it is.

Without the witness consciousness, none of this appears. It’s not the Creator though. The creation is Maya’s domain. But it's the substance from which these dreams are made.

a. silly mind

Big Science is still trying to unify quantum and newtonian physics

rather than quantum physics and nondual metaphysics. 

Silly science. The former isn't possible while the latter is what it is.

And what egoic mind calls Creator is just itself wrapped in robes.

The absolute one is beginningless.

In that unborn reality, creation is conceptual only.

b. real science

Real Science begins at wave-particle duality. That's the paradox it needs to sit with.

Upanishadic rishis sat with immutability and change thus conceiving the fabulous concept of Maya.

If it helps, the mind dreams whether the body is asleep or awake. When the mind stops dreaming, it's called deep sleep. Consciousness never stops witnessing though. Try meditating on that.

c. three good mantras

Individual consciousness (jiva) is ignorance (avidya). Universal consciousness (saguna brahman) is both god (isvara) and illusion (maya).

It's like mind (antahkarana) and ego (ahankara) appearing in the subtle body of organic chemicals and functional compounds without the ignorance of individual consciousness.

One cure for individual consciousness is resting in universal consciousness, God or Maya.

God has many names and forms for one to worship, relatively speaking. Maya says three things: I am, I know, I love. Any one from this primordial trinity makes for a good mantra.

d. reflections of satcitananda

Satcitananda is the truth. And the reflections of Satcitananda are the gods I worship in duality.

The reflection of existence is I am. The reflection of consciousness is I know. The reflection of bliss is I love.

Nisargadatta Maharaj says I am. Advaita Vedanta says I know. And Krishna says I still love Jesus.

Tuesday, May 14, 2024

The Reflections: I am, I know, I love.

1. The Reflections: I am, I know, I love.

The matrix of Satcitananda is not existence, consciousness, bliss as the mind defines them. Most people think the body-mind exists, is conscious, and feels bliss. Not true! The body-mind is only living on borrowed existence, consciousness, and bliss.

Real existence is the godhead. As is consciousness and bliss. And I, Satcitananda, is all there is. The mind is like a subtle body burning in the blink of that I.

In this way, Satcitananda is reflecting in the subtle body. And in its first blush, this reflection is saying, I am, I know, I love.

But as the egoic mind begins to own this reflection, objects become attached. I am me, I know lots of things, and I love some of them.

Thus Samsara appears in Satcitananda. To reverse this curse, return to that first blush: I am. That which is reflecting shall take it from there.

2. Satcitananda like the Sea

What people think of as existence is a wave. But real existence is like the sea.

People think that consciousness is a product of the mind, when the mind appears in consciousness like an island in the sea.

And people think that bliss is a culmination of the deepest pleasure. But bliss is that sea of holistic infinity and its reflection is actually unconditional love.

3. On Brahman, Maya, and Avidya

Brahman is the absolute one

like the silence of satcitananda.

Maya is primordial duality

like I am, I know, I love.

Avidya is samsaric multiplicity

like I am me, I know lots of things, and I love some of them.

a. Arizona, Japan, and Bon Secours

Existence is like that time I saw the Ancestral Puebloan (Anasazi to be historically incorrect) Mummy Cave Ruins across the narrow but lively springtime waters of Chinle Wash in Canyon del Muerto. It wasn't like spacetime stopped but it was never here.

Consciousness is like that time I stood on a dragon boat observing several small pine islands in Matsushima Bay (there are 260 in total) as if we were the ones being observed instead. That's why Basho remains silent about that place to this day.

My beautiful daughter had been born. The ironic pleasure of Steely Dan's Reelin' In the Years was playing on the radio as I was leaving Bon Secours. My wife had been in labor for an excruciating 24 hours. But bliss is beyond the pleasure-pain syndrome. And life isn't fair.

b. Birth and Death

Birth and death are states of existence.

Actually, birth and death are states of mind in unborn eternal existence.

You got the picture.

Saturday, May 11, 2024

Optical Is Illusion

Separating name and form from pure existence is one type of external meditation.

This goes beyond not seeing the forest for the trees, but not seeing space for forest—

not knowing the space of consciousness in which these names and forms are appearing.

It’s not about optical illusions, but the optical, aural, and so on, are illusions, period.

a. It takes one to know one

The universe is the manifestation of the truth and not the truth itself.

Although the universe is the manifestation of the truth,

no individual will ever know it despite the funding it receives.

Only Saguna Brahman knows Nirguna Brahman. It takes one Brahman to know one.

b. Real maps

Boundless space and boundless time is neither space nor time but beyond spacetime.

Spacetime has a beginning and an end. Beyond spacetime is beginningless.

If it never began, then how could it ever end?

Mapping spacetime is like mapping earth. It's just a piece of paper to get you there.

It's not right here right now. Real maps are made to be thrown away.

c. Sat & Cit

Is existence external and consciousness internal? Or is Atman Brahman?

What is more miraculous? Existence or the Knowledge of Existence.

Trick question; they're the same. Inbetween is the reflexive universe of Maya.

d. Rising Arizona

Driving up from a cold wet Phoenix, we hit the altitude where things had turned to snow—

the breakdown lanes were filled with vehicles of people making snow people in the median.

Let me tell you about Sedona. It's a veritable dreamland.

Like a red rock sandstone rorschacht test, it still reveals myself to myself—

bypassing the logical pathways of my old New England mind.

The road to Grand Canyon was running straight to a big gap in the world—

it's a visual metaphor for the Great Beyond of course. People flock to the truth like ravens.

e. Satcitananda redux

Existence is to die for,

Consciousness is intelligent awareness,

and Bliss is beginningless.

Thursday, May 9, 2024

Samadhi, Self-shining and Free

Nirvikalpa is not a flame in a place without wind but a flame without any air at all.

For the Self is self-shining and free, in need of no outside fuel source. The Self is the Source.

And Atman is not in the human heart. This heart's in Atman.

a. Exclamation Points

It's not so much that Atman isn't in the human heart. Atman is Brahman and Brahman is all there is. Brahman permeates the human heart like Vishnu do!

Like the analogy of sea and wave, the sea is not in the wave; the wave is in the sea—although the sea is permeating every wave with seawater!

Because the mind isn't absolutely real, all its sentences must end in question marks of paradox and not declarative periods. And all vehicles in analogies ultimately break down!

b. Me Far So Lalaland

City of Angels—the Hollywood Sign and everything! Don't Bogart that handprint on Hollywood Boulevard. Peter Max at a Rodeo art gallery. The Witch's House just off of Walden Drive.

Redondo Beach, Hermosa Beach, Manhattan Beach. Lifeguard stations and beach volleyball. Surfers are always California dreaming. We are watching a Pacific Easter sunset from the end of a pier. 

Jay Leno wasn't playing that weekend at the Comedy & Magic Club. Wayne Liquorman was off too. No nondual deconstruction for you! A Larry David look-a-like eating street food will have to do.

c. Matrices

Existence, consciousness, and bliss weave the rope of the real matrix.

Dreaming, believing, and defining is the anti-matrix.

I am, I know, I love. These are your antivenoms. Take three and see.

d. Popular science

Science thinks it knows it all. Yes, it knows the big bang better every day but it does not know beyond at all.

The uncertainty principle is the great beyond as far as quantum physics go. When it comes to the great beyond, the mind is obviously uncertain.

High school science tells us everything is more than 99% space. Name and form has always been the 1 percent.

One can never know the definition of the truth. One can only be it. Money can’t buy me love. Shake it off, shake it off.

e. This unbelievable knowledge

I am. I know. I love. I love that I know I am.

Existence, therefore I am. I am, therefore I think Cartesian science is a joke.

Science is the new religion. Religion was the latest truth.

Truth is unborn existence. Reality is this unbelievable knowledge.

And ananda is holistic bliss infinity.

Drg Drsya Viveka 22 Trans/Notes

DDV 22

Indifferent to both name and form while being devoted to existence-consciousness-bliss, one-pointed meditation should be practiced both within the heart and outside.

Upeksya nāmarūpe dve saccidānanda- tatparah,

Samādhim sarvadā kuryād hṛdaye vā’thavā bahih.

उपेक्ष्य being indifferent; नाम रूपे (to) name and form; द्वे two; सच्चिदानन्द तत्परः – being devoted to Existence-Consciousness- Bliss (Truth); समाधिम् – meditation; सर्वदा always; कुर्यात् – should be practised; हृदये वा either in the heart; अथवा or; बहिः – outside

Being indifferent to both name and form, and devoted to the Truth, one should always practise meditation both in the heart and outside.


नामरूपे (to) name and form द्वे two उपेक्ष्य being indifferent सच्चिदानन्दतत्परः (सन्) being devoted to Saccidānanda हृदये वा either in the heart अथवा or बहिः outside सर्वदा always समाधिं concen- tration कुर्यात् should practise.

Having (1) become indifferent to name and form and being devoted to Saccidānanda, (2) one should always practise concentration (3) either within the heart (4) or outside. (5)


Being indifferent to both name and form,

and devoted to the Truth,

one should always practice Meditation

Both within in the heart and outside.



Samādhi is not a verb, it is a noun. One cannot ‘do’ samādhi, one can only ‘be’ in samādhi. Samādhi is the alert, steady and poised state of mind abiding in its true nature. Assuming a pose or posture does not guarantee this poise. One can only be alert, to be alert. This attentiveness can be maintained irrespective of the activity one undertakes, the emotions one feels, or the thoughts one entertains. Hence, it is said that meditation should be practised at all times.

In true samādhi, one does not experience something new or out of the world, such as flashes of light or the sound of conches. Such experiences may occur as stages in the practice of samādhi.

The practice of samādhi can be within or without. The practice within is done with reference to the individual. On enquiring, Who am I?’ and discriminating between the Seer and the seen, one realises the Self which is of the nature of pure Consciousness. The practice without is done with reference to the world perceived. On enquiring, ‘What is the world?’ and discriminating between the world and its substratum, one realises the Self to be the absolute Reality. Close eyed and open eyed meditation is also sometimes referred to as meditation within and without, respectively. Whatever be the locus of meditation, withdrawing the attention from names and forms and fixing it in the Truth, is meditation.


[1] Having, etc. Names and forms are impermanent, because they appear and disappear. Though names and forms give the direct meaning (वाच्यार्थ) of ‘That’ (तत्) and ‘Thou’ (त्वं) yet they are negatable as found in deep sleep.

[2] Saccidānanda This is the implied meaning (लक्ष्यार्थ) of all objects. The characteristics of Existence, Conscious- ness, and Bliss are universal and therefore they form the common features of the substratum of all objects compre- hended by “That’ and ‘Thou’. Therefore these aspects alone, being permanent, as distinguished from names and forms, are worthy of being concentrated upon.

[3] Concentration – Concentration or samādhi means one- pointedness of the mind by which the student feels his steady identity with Brahman.

[4] Heart – Heart is pointed out, for the facility of concentra- tion, as the seat of Paramatman.

[5] Outside – That is, concentration can be practised through the help of any external object, such as a word, sound, image, or any other symbol. These two modes of concentra- tion are meant for different temperaments.


From the 13th verse up to the 21st verse, the author dealt with the central theme of the text, which is the cause of saṃsāra and the remedy for saṃsāra. The cause for saṃsāra is the ignorance-based mixing up of the real and the unreal. This mixing-up takes place both at the subjective level between the seer and the seen, and the objective level between Brahman and the universe. We have a wrong self-image and have a wrong expectation from the world. These two together cause saṃsāra. These two have to be sorted out by viveka, discrimination, through proper enquiry. That enquiry is done by Vedānta śravaṇaṃ and mananam, which leads to correction at the subjective and the objective levels. Subjectively, I learn that I am emotionally independent and objectively, I learn that the unstable nāmarūpa world cannot give lasting security. Kṛṣṇa uses two adjectives to describe this, nityatṛptaḥ, always contented, at the subjective level, and nirāśrayaḥ, independent, at the objective level. From verses 22 to 31, the author talks about the assimilation of the teaching because without internalization, the teaching will remain an academic knowledge.

For this nididhyāsanam is prescribed from verses 22 to 31. Nididhyāsanam can be practiced in many ways. The definition of nididhyāsanam, Vedāntic meditation, is dwelling upon the teaching intently by providing quality time and not trying to get rid of thoughts or remaining thought-free. If dwelling on the teaching is meditation, it can be done in any manner that is convenient to us.

In this verse, the author is talking about samādhi-abhyāsa-rūpa nididhyāsanam. Six-fold samādhi is described in this section. This is a unique approach that is not found in any other Vedāntic text.


The Sacred Matrix of Satcitananda

Namarupa is the superimposition and satcitananda is the substrate. Namarupa in translation is name and form. Satcitananda in translation is existence, consciousness, bliss. One name for namarupa is Maya. One name for satcitananda is Brahman.

In that classic Vedantic analogy of snake and rope, or raju sarpa nyaya, namarupa is the snake and satcitananda is the rope, indicating the reality matrix of Brahman is ignorantly believed to be this illusory world of samsara instead.

This inquiry, analysis, viveka is all about teasing out the golden strands of nondual satcitananda from the monolithic dualities of namarupa. In doing so, one becomes impervious to all names and forms and devoted to the underlying trinity of existence, consciousness, bliss. 


Translators / Commentators Legend

A: Aumdada

D: Dayananda

N: Nikhilananda

P: Paramarthananda

S: Sandeepany

T: Tejomayananda

Tuesday, May 7, 2024

Seer and Satcitananda in Savikapa

As thoughts appear, disidentify with the mind and all its objects, and see the seen as the witnessing seer sees through it. For the absolute seer is one’s true self.

Unattached Satcitananda, self-shining and nondual, I am. They say this is meditating in duality with pointers. Or using thought rather than being abused by it.

In savikalpa samadhi, an individual consciousness is meditating as pure consciousness, the highest degree of visualization and a paradoxical act of manifestation—one’s own deconstruction.

a. No matter.

No matter how much an individual meditates it will never be enlightened.

This illusory individual meditates because it has listened to the nondual truth, contemplated that nonduality as a whole, and has faith in its reality.


b. Absolute reality.

Absolute reality is beyond description. In that sense, the absolute is the unknown.

In reality, I, Atman, am the absolute. In this sense, the absolute is known.

Brahman is not an object. Objects are Maya. Brahman is the absolute subject. I am Brahman.

c. Satcitananda is.

Satcitananda is reflecting in the subtle body of organic chemicals and functional compounds.

The reflection of existence is—I am. The reflection of consciousness is—I experience. The reflection of bliss is—I love.

Satcitananda is nonduality. The reflection of satcitananda is duality.

Brahman is never saying, I am, I experience, I love. Brahman is the silent principle of Existence, Consciousness, Bliss.

d. We drove.

We drove through the Texas panhandle on the way from Oklahoma City to Santa Fe. That place ain't just flat, it's Texas flat.

So I've been from Amarillo to Tucumcari on the way to Santa Fe but I've never been to Tucson though.

Leaving Tucamcari, we barely beat a rogue tornado out of town. It followed us down Route 66 and on to I-40 West.

We never stopped until we got to Santa Rosa. The waitress says it dissipated somewhere east of here and west of Cuervo.

e. Pure consciousness.

Pure consciousness is awareness. The reflection of awareness is universal consciousness. The reflection of christ consciousness is ego, mind, memory, and intellect.

Eyes see a piece. Mind places the piece in the puzzle. Consciousness watches.

Rah, rah, rah. Hand me the pliers.

f. Satcitananda is 2.

Satcitananda Is the Holy Trinity of Vedanta.

Existence is like the sea and this I-am is like a wave.

Consciousness is the knowing node of existence and infinity.

Bliss is not earthly bliss. Earthly bliss is love. The principle of Bliss is holistic infinity.

g. Our metaparadigm.

Our metaparadigm was materialism as it was in the old west and as it is in the new east.

Make my metaparadigm be pure consciousness. It doesn't have to be a hard problem.

Look, this egoic complex of mind, memory, and intellect is a mirror. See?


Monday, May 6, 2024

Transcreating Drg Drsya Viveka (wip)

A. Three Seers

1 Seen and Seer

Forms are the seen and the eye is the seer. And as that eye in turn is seen, the seer is the mind. And as thoughts of the mind are seen, the Witness is the one seer and never the seen.

2 The Eye as Seer

Blue, yellow, physical, subtle, short, long, and other such differences, the forms are various and many. But the eye sees them all remaining as one and the same.

3 The Mind as Seer

Blindness, dullness, and acuteness are some of the characteristics of an eye. And the mind in unity recognizes all of these. Also, the same in the case of ears, skin, etc.

4 Consciousness as Seer

Desire, determination and doubt, faith and faithlessness, perseverance and its opposite, humility, understanding, fear, and more is illuminated by unchanging consciousness.

5 Self-shining Consciousness

Neither rising nor setting, Consciousness does not increase nor disintegrate, but is self-shining, illuminating all without any support.

B. Reflection of Consciousness

6 The reflection of consciousness

Because of the reflection of consciousness within, the intellect appears to be conscious. This understanding is of two kinds. One is called ego and the other, the inner instrument of the mind.

7 Identification like a heated iron ball

Of the reflection of consciousness and the ego, there is an identity like that of a heated iron ball. It’s further said that ego in turn identifies with the body causing it to attain consciousness too.

8 Three identifications of ego

The ego identifies with the reflection of consciousness, the body, and also the witness. The first is natural, the second is due to karma, and the third is born of ignorance.

9 Identifications disappearing

Between the mutually related reflection of consciousness and ego, annihilation is not possible. But through the exhaustion of karma and direct realization, the other two respectively disappear.

10 Three states of ego

In the dissolution of the ego during deep sleep, the body also becomes unconscious. The half manifestation of ego is the dream state. The full manifestation of ego is the waking state.

11 Dreaming and waking states

Thought modifications of the inner mind identifying with the reflection of consciousness project various ideas in the dream state, and in the waking state imagines objects outside with the senses.

12 Subtle body

The subtle body is the material cause of ego and mind. It is one and insentient in nature. It is born, cycles through its three states for a time, and dies.


13 Powers of Maya

The two powers of Maya obviously are those of projecting and veiling. The projecting power creates all the world from the subtle body to the totality of the material universe.

14 Creation like waves in an ocean

Creation is the name of that form of Brahman in the reality of Existence Consciousness Bliss, as in the ocean there are waves which are like the manifestation of all names and forms.

15 The cause of samsara

The distinction between the seer and the seen within, and between reality and creation without, is veiled by the other power, and is the cause of samsara.

16 Becoming the empirical self

In immediate proximity to the witness, the subtle body, identifying with the gross body, shines—and due to that encounter with reflected consciousness becomes the empirical individual self.

17 When the veiling is destroyed

The nature of individual consciousness appears in the witness due to superimposition. But when the veiling is destroyed, the difference is revealed and that notion disappears.

18 Reality appears to undergo modifications

Similarly, the distinction between creation and reality remains veiled, and because of the influence of this power, reality appears to undergo modifications.

19 Destruction of the veil between Creation and Reality

In this case also, the destruction of the veil makes clear the distinction between Reality and creation. Of the two, change only occurs in creation and never Reality.

20 The five aspects of every entity

It exists, it’s known, it’s dear, it has a name, and form. Thus are the five aspects. The first three belong to reality. The nature of the world are in the latter two.

21 Satcitananda is the same for all entities

In space, air, fire, water, and earth; in deities, animals, men, and so on; existence, consciousness, and bliss are the same. Only the names and forms differ.

22.On samadhi

Indifferent to both name and form while being devoted to existence-consciousness-bliss, one-pointed meditation should be practiced both within the heart and out.

23. Savikalpa meditation of the heart

With thought and without thought: meditation is of these two kinds in the heart. With the seen and with words: meditation with thought is again of two kinds.

24. Meditating on the seen

Thoughts, like desires and such, arising in the mind are the seen. As their witness, one should meditate on consciousness. This association with the seen is a meditation with duality.

25. Meditating with words.

Unattached Existence Consciousness Bliss, self-shining and free from duality, I am. This association with words is a meditation with duality.

26. Nirvikalpa meditation of the heart

But complete absorption in the bliss of self-realization beyond both the seen and all words—this meditation in the state of nonduality is like a flame in a place free from the wind.