Tuesday, April 9, 2024

Drg Drsya Viveka 3 Trans/Notes


Blindness, dullness, sharpness are some characteristics of the eye. And the mind in its unity can recognize these. Also, in the case of ears, skin, etc., the same applies.


Āndhya-māndya-paṭutveṣu netradharmeṣu caikadhā, saṅkalpayen-manaḥ śrotra-tvagādau yojyatām-idam.

आन्ध्य-मान्द्य-पटुत्वेषु – in blindness, dullness and sharpness; नेत्रधर्मेषु – in the characteristics of eye; च – also; एकधा – remaining the same; संकल्पयेत् – knows; मनः – the mind; श्रोत्र-त्वक्-आदौ – in (the case of) ear, skin, etc.; योज्यताम् – applies; इदम् – this

The mind, remaining the same, knows the different characteristics of the eye such as blindness, dullness and sharpness. This also applies in case of ears, skin etc.


आन्ध्यमान्द्यपटुत्वेषु blindness, dullness, and sharpness नेत्रधर्मेषु characteristics of the eye मन: mind एकधा as a unity संकल्पयेत् cognizes इदं this श्रोत्रत्वगादौ to ears, skin, etc. च also योज्यतां applies.

Such characteristics of the eye as blindness, sharpness, or dullness, the mind is able to cognize because it is a unity. This also applies to (whatever is perceived through) the ear, skin, etc.


Blindness, dullness and sharpness are the many

characteristics of the eye, but remaining the same

is the mind which knows (these differences). The ear,

The skin, etc, also have varying characteristics.



The eye is subject to changes which are perceived by the mind; for it is the mind that thinks: ‘I am blind,’ etc. The mind knows the changes because it is a unity. This applies to the other sense-organs as well. Though the nose, the skin, the tongue, etc., are respectively perceivers with reference to their several objects, yet they themselves are perceived by the mind. Hence, the mind is perceiver and the sense-organs are objects of perception.


The sense Inputs are received by the five sense organs and are all known to the same mind. The mind does not become blind, deaf or itchy due to the different conditions of the eye, ear or skin. The Seer remains unaffected by the characteristics of the seen.


One seer, mind, and there are varied conditions of senses. What are they? Āndhya-māndya-paṭutvam Mind is one dṛk, and everything is dṛśya. That is eyes, etc are themselves dṛśyas to the mind, to the manomaya-ātmā.


The mind remains the same and is not affected by the pluralities and the variety of the sense-organs. When the act of perception is changed from the eye to the ear, a different mind is not required. Here again, the principle of the observed being many but the observer is one applies. This principle can be extended to the other four sense-organs such as ear, skin, etc. Thus the seer 2, the mind, that was introduced in the first verse has been explained in this third verse. Next the absolute seer is explained.


On DDV 3: Vidyaranya's Genius

The eyes are the first seer. The mind is the second seer. Atman is the only seer.

That brahman is formless, changeless, and nondual is not a metaphysical statement, but one of both the physical and subtle bodies.

This is Vidyaranya's genius. Right here, right now, even your eyes are brahman. See?

Translators / Commentators Legend

A: Aumdada

D: Dayananda

N: Nikhilananda

P: Paramarthananda

S: Sandeepany

T: Tejomayananda

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